Resilient Quito establishes the need to develop mechanisms that strategically respond to the acute shocks and chronic stresses that afflict the city.
While the city’s complex location implies structural vulnerabilities, other characteristics, such as its human and biological diversity, are clear signs of its historic ability to adapt. Resilient Quito is presented at a time of transformation for the Metropolitan District of Quito (DMQ), both in terms of mobility and urban development. Construction of the first metro line and dedication to the New Urban Agenda, which was approved in Quito during Habitat III, define the new planning parameters.
The DMQ was selected to be part of the 100 Resilient Cities (100RC) initiative, which supports cities around the world in their efforts to build urban resilience. This opportunity made it possible for Quito to analyze the city’s vulnerabilities and challenges, evaluate its responsiveness to face them, and apply a planning approach focused on resilience as part of the local government’s general scope. The first phase of this strategy consisted in preparing a Preliminary Resilience Assessment (PRA) based on stakeholder engagement, action identification and risk assessment tools provided by 100RC. Through a sound, participatory process, a series of roundtables were held to apply surveys and conduct interviews to determine the possible acute shocks and chronic stresses that are most relevant to the city. The PRA identified the challenges and helped the CRO establish priorities, all with the participation of local government and the academic, civic, and private sectors.
The second phase prioritized work in the five key areas of the city with the greatest need for support in order to contribute to the building of urban resilience. The process was driven by actions planned by the Municipality and inspired by other cities’ best practices. The 100RC initiative offered specialized technical support, and the local government’s various departments supported the multidisciplinary work. Thus, the pillars, goals, and actions that make up the resilience strategy were established, as detailed below.
The strategy proposes mechanisms that facilitate cross-disciplinary planning and allow continuity over time. This includes the institutionalization of the resilience agenda and its monitoring mechanisms, alignment with international development plans, adherence to the PMDOT, and training of resilience practitioners.
This pillar is in response to the need to consolidate participatory processes as vectors of democracy, validate the public administration’s work, and facilitate processes of co-responsibility between citizens and the municipality. It aims at strengthening institutional and community capacities to build participatory processes and provide clear and effective mechanisms that are reflected in public areas.
- Build capacities among citizens and the municipality to manage and empower a co-responsible city
- Develop institutional mechanisms that lead to incorporate citizen participation
- Create quality public places for citizens
Management and conservation of the city’s natural areas make sustainable urban development possible. The environmental pillar proposes developing efficient, participatory administration mechanisms that foster environmental consciousness and citizen involvement, and this pillar also takes advantage of the benefits nature has to offer in solving urban problems.
- Manage natural and semi-natural areas and urban parks in the Metropolitan District of Quito
- Promote environmental awareness
- Harnessing the benefits of nature in urban infrastructure
Scattered and uncontrolled urban sprawl is a problem that makes the Metropolitan District of Quito segregated and inefficient. This third pillar controls urban sprawl, maximizes the positive impact of building the first Quito metro line, and creates an integrated and efficient mobility system that favors active mobility.
Control urban sprawl
Maximize the impact of the first Quito Metro line on the city´s integral development
Achieve an integrated and efficient transportation system
Promote a culture of active mobility in the city
Building economic resilience begins by strengthening productive sectors and diversifying lines of business, all with an environment-friendly focus. This fourth pillar creates an economic environment conducive to strengthening job supply and demand, with a special focus on youth. It fosters a diverse, sustainable, and innovative economy, and promotes the food-related economy as the backbone of development.
- Generate an economic environment that is conducive to the strengthening of labor supply and demand
- Foster a diversified, sustainable and innovative economy
- Promote the food economy as a foundation for development
This fifth pillar distributes the risk of multiple threats and the high risk exposure due to the city’s physical and socioeconomic vulnerability throughout the territory. This fifth pillar seeks to avoid creating new risks, mitigate existing risks, and prepare the city to confront potential natural and man-made disasters.
- Avoid the creation of new risks
- Mitigate existing risks
- Prepare the Metropolitan District of Quito to face threats