January 9, 2015
Is the capacity of individuals, communities, institutions, businesses, and systems within a city to survive, adapt, and grow no matter what kinds of chronic stresses and acute shocks they experience.
100 Resilient Cities takes the view that resilience enables cities to evaluate their exposure to specific shocks and stresses, to develop a proactive and integrated plan to address those challenges, and to respond to them more effectively.
Resilience is about making cities better, for both the short and long-term, for everyone.
weaken the fabric of a city on a day-to-day or cyclical basis. Examples of these stresses include high unemployment; an overtaxed or inefficient public transportation system; endemic violence; and chronic food and water shortages.
are the sudden, sharp events that threaten a city, including earthquakes, floods, disease outbreaks, and terrorist attacks.
View the complete City Resilience Framework below.
Qualities of Resilient Systems
Enhancing the qualities of the individual systems that make up a city will improve the resilience of the city overall. Resilient systems withstand, respond to, and adapt more readily to shocks and stresses to emerge stronger after tough times, and live better in good times.
Able to Learn
Can Easily Repurpose Resources
Has Backup Capacity
Has Alternative Strategies
Broad Consultation & Communication
Systems Work Together
The City Resilience Framework (CRF)
The City Resilience Framework is a unique framework developed by Arup with support from the Rockefeller Foundation, based on extensive research. It provides a lens to understand the complexity of cities and the drivers that contribute to their resilience. Looking at these drivers can help cities to assess the extent of their resilience, to identify critical areas of weakness, and to design actions and programs to improve the city’s resilience. The CRF also provides a common language that enables cities to share knowledge and experiences.
The CRF is built on four essential dimensions of urban resilience: Health & Wellbeing, Economy & Society, Infrastructure & Environment, and Leadership & Strategy. Each dimension contains three “drivers,” which reflect the actions cities can take to improve their resilience.
These 12 drivers form the core of the City Resilience Framework (CRF), and when taken together they represent a city's resilience to a wide range of shocks and stresses.
Health & Wellbeing
Everyone living and working in the city has access to what they need to survive and thrive.
Meets Basic Needs
Particularly in times of crisis, ensure that people have access the basic resources necessary to survive – food, water and sanitation, energy, and shelter.
Supports Livelihoods and Employment
Assist individuals to access diverse livelihood and employment opportunities, including access to business investment and social welfare. This includes skills and training, fair labor policy, and development and innovation.
Ensures Public Health Services
Provide access to effective public healthcare and emergency services to safeguard physical and mental health. This includes medical practitioners and plans, as well as clinics and ambulances.
Economy & Society
The social & financial systems that enable urban populations to live peacefully, and act collectively.
Promote Cohesive and Engaged Communities
Create a sense of collective identity and mutual support. This includes building a sense of local identity, social networks, and safe space; promoting features of an inclusive local cultural heritage; and encouraging cultural diversity while promoting tolerance and a willingness to accept other cultures.
Ensure Social Stability, Security, and Justice
Ensure a comprehensive and inclusive approach to law enforcement and justice that fosters a stable, secure, and just society. This includes fair and transparent policing and deterrents to crime – specifically in times of crisis, as well as enforcement of laws such as codes and regulations.
Foster Economic Prosperity
Ensure the availability of funding and a vibrant economy as a result of diverse revenue streams, the ability to attract business investment, and contingency plans. This involves good governance, integration with the regional and global economy and measures to attract investment.
Leadership & Strategy
The processes that promote effective leadership, inclusive decision-making, empowered stakeholders, and integrated planning
Promote Leadership and Effective Management
Encourage capable leadership and effective urban management within government and civil society, particularly during an emergency. This involves strong leadership, cross-sector communication, and evidenced-based decision-making.
Empower a Broad Range of Stakeholders
Ensure everybody is well informed, capable, and involved in their city. This includes access to information and education, communication between the government and public, knowledge transfer, and timely and appropriate monitoring.
Foster Long-Term and Integrated Planning
Align sectoral plans and individual projects with the city’s vision to be coordinated and appropriate to address the city’s needs. This includes city strategies and plans.
Infrastructure & Environment
The man-made and natural systems that provide critical services, protect, and connect urban assets enabling the flow of goods, services, and knowledge
Provide and Enhances Protective Natural and Man-Made Assets
Maintain protective natural and man-made assets that reduce the physical vulnerability of city systems. This includes natural systems like wetlands, mangroves and sand dunes or built infrastructure like sea walls or levees.
Ensure Continuity of Critical Services
Actively manage and enhance natural and man-made resources. This includes designing physical infrastructure such as roads and bridges to withstand floods so that people can evacuate, as well as ecosystem management for flood risk management. It also includes emergency response plans and contingency plans that may coordinate airports to function so that relief can be lifted in and out during a crisis.
Provide Reliable Communication and Mobility
Provide a free flow of people, information, and goods. This includes information and communication networks as well as physical movement through a multimodal transport system.
The 12 drivers are all connected and offer a holistic picture of a city. Combined, they constitute the City Resilience Framework.