Mexico City’s Resilience Journey

The city of Mexico City released its Resilience Strategy on September 6, 2016. Explore the strategy here.

Mexico City’s Resilience Story

Eight million people live in the megalopolis of Mexico City—and a large percentage do so in extremely vulnerable conditions. The city’s proliferation of informal employment, the lag in infrastructure, strong social inequality, severe weather, and the sheer size of its population add to the risk of disaster—social disaster, political disaster, and environmental disaster. Mexico City faces significant danger from natural phenomenon. Its geographical conditions make it continually susceptible to seismic hazards, and being located on land that was once a lake makes the city prone to flooding. Runoff from the nearby mountains is improperly managed, which, in addition to flooding, can lead to mudslides and diseases born from standing water.

The City also has much going for it. It is the eighth wealthiest city on earth. It is home to more museums than any other city, and has the fourth highest number of theaters.

Aware of both its strengths and weaknesses, Mexico City—the largest city in the Western hemisphere—is poised to transform its resilience plan from reactive to proactive in the coming years.

SHOCKS AND STRESSES
  • Aging Infrastructure
  • Crime / Violence
  • Disease Outbreak
  • Drought
  • Earthquake
  • Economic Inequality
  • Environmental Degradation
  • Inadequate Public Transportation Systems
  • Inadequate Sanitation Systems
  • Informal Housing / Settlements
  • Lack of Social Cohesion
  • Landslide
  • Poor Air Quality
  • Poor Governance / Regulatory Climate
  • Population Growth / Overpopulation
  • Poverty
  • Rainfall Flooding
  • Riot / Civil Unrest
  • Storm Surge
  • Subsidence
  • Traffic Congestion
  • Uncontrolled Urban Development
  • Water Insecurity

Meet The Chief Resilience Officer

Mexico City's CRO

Dr. Arnoldo Matus Kramer brings more than nine years of professional experience on climate change policy to the role of Mexico City’s Chief Resilience Officer. In 2012, he co-founded Ithaca Environmental, a consulting firm providing counsel in climate change, sustainability, environmental finance and clean technology topics. His work included acting as project leader for IDB in the  design of the climate change adaptation plan, land use planning and integrated management of the Grijalva and Usumacinta river basins in southern Mexico.

In 2009, Arnoldo worked at the OECD in Paris, where he contributed to the work on climate change adaptation. He also coordinated at the National Institute of Ecology and Climate Change (INECC) the study Adaptation to Climate Change in Mexico: Vision, Elements and Criteria for the Decision-Making, worked as an advisor at INECC, and led the development of the Mexican Government official web-based presence with information about emissions and energy efficiency from passenger cars and light trucks.

He holds a PhD in Geography and Environment from the Environmental Change Institute of the University of Oxford; and a M.Sc. in Renewable Energy and Environment from Reading University in the UK; a M.Sc. in Environment and Resource Management from BTU-Cottbus in Germany.

Snapshot of Mexico City

  • 8,851,000

    POPULATION AS OF 2010

Around the World

Explore cities facing similar resilience challenges to Mexico City.

  • Aging Infrastructure
  • Crime / Violence
  • Disease Outbreak
  • Drought
  • Earthquake
  • Economic Inequality
  • Environmental Degradation
  • Inadequate Public Transportation Systems
  • Inadequate Sanitation Systems
  • Informal Housing / Settlements
  • Lack of Social Cohesion
  • Landslide
  • Poor Air Quality
  • Poor Governance / Regulatory Climate
  • Population Growth / Overpopulation
  • Poverty
  • Rainfall Flooding
  • Riot / Civil Unrest
  • Storm Surge
  • Subsidence
  • Traffic Congestion
  • Uncontrolled Urban Development
  • Water Insecurity

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