Melaka, historically a center for Southeast Asian shipping, benefits from economic growth supported by both foreign investment and tourism. However, under-investment in infrastructure development is causing significant traffic congestion and reduced air quality. Over the long – term, these stresses may cause tourism to decrease, the health of citizens to decline and a sharp increase in the city’s greenhouse gas emissions.

Melaka contends with an increased risk of rainfall flooding as a result of inadequate drainage facilities and rising high tides. Flooding impacts quality of life in numerous ways by hindering access to critical infrastructure, causing damage to heritage buildings, disrupting urban services such as waste management, and further exacerbating traffic congestion. Post-flood, the city must contend with increased disease outbreaks and removal of debris. Melaka has begun to address these challenges through various initiatives, including a Green Cities Action Plan, supported by the Asian Development Bank, to ensure sustainable development. The city is now looking to develop integrated and inclusive plans that address these underlying resilience challenges before they become unmanageable.

SHOCKS AND STRESSES
  • Coastal / Tidal Flooding
  • Cyber Attack
  • Declining Population / Human Capital Flight
  • Disease Outbreak
  • Landslide
  • Poor Air Quality
  • Rainfall Flooding
  • Sea Level Rise / Coastal Erosion

Snapshot of Melaka

  • 873,000

    POPULATION AS OF 2015

Stories about Melaka

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  • Cyber Attack
  • Declining Population / Human Capital Flight
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  • Sea Level Rise / Coastal Erosion

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