Jakarta has one of the longest coastlines in the world, an asset that has historically benefited domestic and international trade in this bustling city. However, large sections of the city are below sea level, exacerbating rainfall flooding that has become an annual occurrence as a result of a changing climate and inadequate drainage infrastructure. The city’s current resilience program focuses on repairing damage and building new structures and roads at higher elevations, but further measures are needed to respond to the causes of the flooding itself.

Jakarta also faces challenges from air and water pollution. Vehicle emissions account for 70% of Jakarta’s air pollution, a figure exacerbated by urban traffic congestion. 80% of Jakarta’s water pollution comes from domestic waste, as five million residents depend on the main river for washing, cooking, sanitation, and fishing. Inadequate access to safe water, basic sanitation, and breathable air contribute to growing challenges for the city in areas of public health.

SHOCKS AND STRESSES
  • Coastal / Tidal Flooding
  • Cyber Attack
  • Earthquake
  • Lack of Affordable Housing
  • Poor Air Quality
  • Rainfall Flooding

Snapshot of Jakarta

  • 9,600,000

    POPULATION AS OF 2010

Around the World

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