Seoul’s dramatic economic growth over the last 50 years relied on the rapid development of an extensive urban infrastructure. Today, Seoul faces a growing challenge to maintain and improve its aging infrastructure. A concerted government effort to assess and monitor infrastructural integrity has prevented a repeat of tragic building collapses that occurred in the 1990s, but further steps are needed. Seoul intends to implement a new city-wide resilience strategy that can optimize infrastructure by involving more diverse groups of citizens and stakeholders.

Seoul also faces a real risk of disease outbreak, which not only threaten citizens’ lives and health but also impact the city’s political, economic, and social resilience. The MERS outbreak of 2015 forced schools to close and substantially reduced tourism and commerce. The city established an Emergency Response Team headed by its Mayor, and collaborated with public and private entities to contain the disease’s spread.

Shocks and Stresses

  • Aging Infrastructure
  • Cyber Attack
  • Declining Population / Human Capital Flight
  • Disease Outbreak
  • Lack of Affordable Housing
  • Landslide

Snapshot of Seoul

  • 10,000,000

    population as of 2014

Around the World

Explore cities facing similar resilience challenges to Seoul.

  • Aging Infrastructure
  • Cyber Attack
  • Declining Population / Human Capital Flight
  • Disease Outbreak
  • Lack of Affordable Housing
  • Landslide
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Nashville

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Nashville’s Resilience Challenge
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Minneapolis

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Minneapolis’ Resilience Challenge
Image of Louisville, United States

Louisville

United States

Louisville’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Honolulu, United States

Honolulu

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Honolulu’s Resilience Challenge
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Greater Manchester

United Kingdom

Greater Manchester’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Cape Town, South Africa

Cape Town

South Africa

Cape Town’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Buenos Aires, Argentina

Buenos Aires

Argentina

Buenos Aires’ Resilience Challenge
Image of Belfast, United Kingdom

Belfast

United Kingdom

Belfast’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Atlanta, United States

Atlanta

United States

Atlanta’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Boston, United States

Boston

United States

Boston’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Chicago, United States

Chicago

United States

Chicago’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Pittsburgh, United States

Pittsburgh

United States

Pittsburgh’s Resilience Challenge
Image of San Juan, Puerto Rico

San Juan

Puerto Rico

San Juan’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Santiago de los Caballeros, The Dominican Republic

Santiago de los Caballeros

The Dominican Republic

Santiago de los Caballeros’ Resilience Challenge
Image of Santiago, Metropolitan Region, Chile

Santiago, Metropolitan Region

Chile

Santiago, Metropolitan Region’s Resilience Challenge
Image of St. Louis, United States

St. Louis

United States

St. Louis’ Resilience Challenge
Image of Tulsa, United States

Tulsa

United States

Tulsa’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Wellington City, New Zealand

Wellington City

New Zealand

Wellington City’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Christchurch, New Zealand

Christchurch

New Zealand

Christchurch’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Bristol, United Kingdom

Bristol

United Kingdom

Bristol’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Norfolk, United States

Norfolk

United States

Norfolk’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Los Angeles, United States

Los Angeles

United States

Los Angeles’ Resilience Challenge
Image of Buenos Aires, Argentina

Buenos Aires

Argentina

Buenos Aires’ Resilience Challenge
Image of Belfast, United Kingdom

Belfast

United Kingdom

Belfast’s Resilience Challenge
Image of The Hague, The Netherlands

The Hague

The Netherlands

The Hague’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Atlanta, United States

Atlanta

United States

Atlanta’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Boston, United States

Boston

United States

Boston’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Rotterdam

The Netherlands

Rotterdam’s Resilience Challenge
Image of St. Louis, United States

St. Louis

United States

St. Louis’ Resilience Challenge
Image of Greater Manchester, United Kingdom

Greater Manchester

United Kingdom

Greater Manchester’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Cape Town, South Africa

Cape Town

South Africa

Cape Town’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Dallas, United States

Dallas

United States

Dallas’ Resilience Challenge
Image of Pittsburgh, United States

Pittsburgh

United States

Pittsburgh’s Resilience Challenge
Image of San Juan, Puerto Rico

San Juan

Puerto Rico

San Juan’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Santiago de los Caballeros, The Dominican Republic

Santiago de los Caballeros

The Dominican Republic

Santiago de los Caballeros’ Resilience Challenge
Image of Wellington City, New Zealand

Wellington City

New Zealand

Wellington City’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Christchurch, New Zealand

Christchurch

New Zealand

Christchurch’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Bristol, United Kingdom

Bristol

United Kingdom

Bristol’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Boulder, United States

Boulder

United States

Boulder’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Nashville, United States

Nashville

United States

Nashville’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Minneapolis, United States

Minneapolis

United States

Minneapolis’ Resilience Challenge
Image of Greater Miami and the Beaches, United States

Greater Miami and the Beaches

United States

Greater Miami and the Beaches’ Resilience Challenge
Image of Washington, DC, United States

Washington, DC

United States

Washington, DC’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Boston, United States

Boston

United States

Boston’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Pittsburgh, United States

Pittsburgh

United States

Pittsburgh’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Santiago de los Caballeros, The Dominican Republic

Santiago de los Caballeros

The Dominican Republic

Santiago de los Caballeros’ Resilience Challenge
Image of Bristol, United Kingdom

Bristol

United Kingdom

Bristol’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Boulder, United States

Boulder

United States

Boulder’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Oakland, United States

Oakland

United States

Oakland’s Resilience Challenge
Image of New Orleans, United States

New Orleans

United States

New Orleans’ Resilience Challenge
Image of Seattle, United States

Seattle

United States

Seattle’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Pittsburgh, United States

Pittsburgh

United States

Pittsburgh’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Santiago, Metropolitan Region, Chile

Santiago, Metropolitan Region

Chile

Santiago, Metropolitan Region’s Resilience Challenge