London is the capital of England and has been a major city in Western Europe since its founding 2,000 years ago. This city began as a successful port situated on the River Thames, but has grown into an international cultural capital and financial center, boasting a host of successful industries. However, the desirability of crowded London has led to soaring real estate costs and a dramatic lack of affordable housing. This resulted in a spike in overcrowded homes and homelessness, and has contributed to air pollution difficulties. London has also been the target of terrorist attacks.

City leaders are executing a plan to increase the supply of affordable homes and facilitate access to housing resources, but recognize that still more homes are needed. The city’s decades of experience confronting violent terrorism have honed the skills of its police and security services to keep citizens safe and prevent most attacks. London also offers other cities a model for confronting poor air quality and pollution, having spent the last several years developing green spaces, devising the world’s largest congestion pricing traffic scheme, and mandating strict emissions codes.

Resilience Challenges

  • Endemic Crime and Violence
  • Infrastructure Failure
  • Lack of Affordable Housing
  • Terrorism

Snapshot of London

  • 8,200,000

    population as of 2011

Stories About London

Around the World

Explore cities facing similar resilience challenges to London.

  • Endemic Crime and Violence
  • Infrastructure Failure
  • Lack of Affordable Housing
  • Terrorism
Image of Guadalajara Metropolitan Area, Mexico

Guadalajara Metropolitan Area

Mexico

Guadalajara Metropolitan Area’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Buenos Aires, Argentina

Buenos Aires

Argentina

Buenos Aires’ Resilience Challenge
Image of The Hague, The Netherlands

The Hague

The Netherlands

The Hague’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Chicago, United States

Chicago

United States

Chicago’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Santiago de los Caballeros, The Dominican Republic

Santiago de los Caballeros

The Dominican Republic

Santiago de los Caballeros’ Resilience Challenge
Image of St. Louis, United States

St. Louis

United States

St. Louis’ Resilience Challenge
Image of Seattle, United States

Seattle

United States

Seattle’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Nashville, United States

Nashville

United States

Nashville’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Minneapolis, United States

Minneapolis

United States

Minneapolis’ Resilience Challenge
Image of Louisville, United States

Louisville

United States

Louisville’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Honolulu, United States

Honolulu

United States

Honolulu’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Greater Miami and the Beaches, United States

Greater Miami and the Beaches

United States

Greater Miami and the Beaches’ Resilience Challenge
Image of Cape Town, South Africa

Cape Town

South Africa

Cape Town’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Buenos Aires, Argentina

Buenos Aires

Argentina

Buenos Aires’ Resilience Challenge
Image of Belfast, Northern Ireland

Belfast

Northern Ireland

Belfast’s Resilience Challenge
Image of The Hague, The Netherlands

The Hague

The Netherlands

The Hague’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Washington, DC, United States

Washington, DC

United States

Washington, DC’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Atlanta, United States

Atlanta

United States

Atlanta’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Boston, United States

Boston

United States

Boston’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Chicago, United States

Chicago

United States

Chicago’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Dallas, United States

Dallas

United States

Dallas’ Resilience Challenge
Image of Pittsburgh, United States

Pittsburgh

United States

Pittsburgh’s Resilience Challenge
Image of San Juan, Puerto Rico

San Juan

Puerto Rico

San Juan’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Boulder, United States

Boulder

United States

Boulder’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Nashville, United States

Nashville

United States

Nashville’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Minneapolis, United States

Minneapolis

United States

Minneapolis’ Resilience Challenge
Image of Greater Miami and the Beaches, United States

Greater Miami and the Beaches

United States

Greater Miami and the Beaches’ Resilience Challenge
Image of Washington, DC, United States

Washington, DC

United States

Washington, DC’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Seoul, South Korea

Seoul

South Korea

Seoul’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Boston, United States

Boston

United States

Boston’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Pittsburgh, United States

Pittsburgh

United States

Pittsburgh’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Santiago de los Caballeros, The Dominican Republic

Santiago de los Caballeros

The Dominican Republic

Santiago de los Caballeros’ Resilience Challenge
Image of Boulder, United States

Boulder

United States

Boulder’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Oakland, United States

Oakland

United States

Oakland’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Greater Manchester, England

Greater Manchester

England

Greater Manchester’s Resilience Challenge
Image of The Hague, The Netherlands

The Hague

The Netherlands

The Hague’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Washington, DC, United States

Washington, DC

United States

Washington, DC’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Atlanta, United States

Atlanta

United States

Atlanta’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Boston, United States

Boston

United States

Boston’s Resilience Challenge
Image of Dallas, United States

Dallas

United States

Dallas’ Resilience Challenge