Belfast is at a critical juncture, as thirty years of violent conflict reaches maturity and a new generation emerges. While the 1998 Peace Agreement officially ended the Troubles, the legacy of conflict is still felt today; Belfast remains segregated by both religion and, increasingly, by income, while lingering distrust of public services creates barriers to access and duplication of key services, which costs the city an estimated $2.2 billion annually. Concerned that increasing disillusionment with the political settlement and uneven economic growth, city officials have put local community and policing networks are in place to encourage dialogue and mediation,

Belfast has recently seen a dramatic increase in vulnerability to weather related stresses; once uncommon, coastal flooding has been recorded every year since 2002. Most of the city’s strategic and logistics infrastructure lies within the flood zone, including rail yards, power stations, two national hospitals, and the airport. Furthermore, political conflict has diverted leadership energy away from resilience planning, leading to underinvestment in crucial infrastructure.

Shocks and Stresses

  • Aging Infrastructure
  • Coastal Flooding
  • Cyber Attack
  • Economic Shifts
  • Infrastructure Failure
  • Lack of Social Cohesion
  • Political Instability
  • Riot or Civil Unrest

Snapshot of Belfast

  • 333,000

    population as of 2016

Around the World

Explore cities facing similar resilience challenges to Belfast.

  • Aging Infrastructure
  • Coastal Flooding
  • Cyber Attack
  • Economic Shifts
  • Infrastructure Failure
  • Lack of Social Cohesion
  • Political Instability
  • Riot or Civil Unrest
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