Belfast has experienced substantial economic and social benefits since the end of thirty years of violent conflict marked by the signing of the Belfast Peace Agreement in 1998. The city has been successful in attracting substantial foreign direct investment; has welcomed millions of new visitors; and has a renewed cityscape as a result of major infrastructure investments.

However, the city continues to face a raft of endemic challenges not least of which is the generational legacy of religiously segregated neighbourhood (often leading to the expensive duplication of public services); economic and health inequalities; and an underperforming economy that remains overly dependent on the public sector.

Deprivation, a contributor to the original period of violence, continues to be a stressor and a contributor to marginalisation and unrest. Living standards lag well behind the rest of the UK – a quarter of children now live in poverty; a figure that is expected to rise to 30% by 2020.

Climate change has left the city vulnerable to coastal flooding with wider geographical implications as most of the region’s strategic and logistics infrastructure lies within the flood zone. Further significant urban infrastructure investment is required to address these and long term water management, energy and transport challenges.

SHOCKS AND STRESSES
  • Aging Infrastructure
  • Coastal / Tidal Flooding
  • Cyber Attack
  • Infrastructure Failure
  • Lack of Social Cohesion
  • Political Instability
  • Riot / Civil Unrest
  • Shifting Macroeconomic Trends

Snapshot of Belfast

  • 333,000

    Population as of 2016

Stories about Belfast

Around the World

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  • Aging Infrastructure
  • Coastal / Tidal Flooding
  • Cyber Attack
  • Infrastructure Failure
  • Lack of Social Cohesion
  • Political Instability
  • Riot / Civil Unrest
  • Shifting Macroeconomic Trends

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